Local Herbs & Medicine

Medicinal plants are considered as a rich resources of ingredients which can be used in drug development either pharmacopoeial, non- pharmacopoeial or synthetic drugs. A part from that, these plants play a critical role in the development of human cultures around the whole world. Plants play an important role in the human life cycle. It is not only meets the food requirements, but also keeps it in the delicate balance of the health. It also achieves the highest position in the carbon cycle or the pyramid of the food chain. The tribal as well as some local people of Jharkhand depend on traditional medicine not only for health care but also various ailments. Documentation of plans used for medicinal purpose is not new in India.

These are the some local medicinal plants, Herbs and Shrubs in Jharkhand.

Sl. No Local Name (Medicinal Plant) Parts used Medicinal use
1 Tulsi Leaves / Seeds Cough, Cold, Bronchitis, Expectorand
2 Amla Fruits Vitamin-C, Cough, Diabetes, Cold,

Laxative, Hyper Acidity.

Vitamin-C, Cough, Diabetes, Cold,

Laxative, Hyper Acidity.

Vitamin-C, Cough, Diabetes, Cold,

Laxative, Hyper Acidity.

Vitamin-C, Cough, Diabetes, Cold,

Laxative, Hyper Acidity.

Vitamin-C, Cough, Diabetes, Cold,

Laxative, Hyper Acidity.

Vitamin-C, Cough, Diabetes, Cold,

Laxative, Hyper Acidity.

Vitamin-C, Cough, Diabetes, Cold,

Laxative, Hyper Acidity.

Cough, Cold, Diabetes, Hyper Acidity, Laxative, source of vitamin – C

3 Ashok Bark Flower Menstrual Pain, Uterine, Disorder,

Deiabe

Menstrual Pain, Uterine, Disorder,

Deiabe

Menstrual pain, Uterine, Disorder, Diabetes.

4 Aswagandha Root, Leaf Tonic, Stress, Nerves Disorder, Restorative, Aphrodiasiac.
5 Bael / Bilva Fruit , Barks Diarrhea, Dysentery, Constipation
6 Guluchi / Giloe Stem Gaut, Pile, jaundice, General Debility, Fever
7 Calihari/panchanguliaGlori Seed, Tuber Skin Disease, Labour Pain, Abortion,

General Debility

Skin Disease, Labour Pain, Abortion,

General Debility

Skin disease, Labour Pain, Abortion,  General Debility

8 Makoi/Kakamachi Fruit, Whole Plant General Debility, Dropsy, Anti dysenteric, Diuretic
9 Sarpa Gandha Root Hypertension, Insomnia High Blood  Pressure, Hysteria
10 Satavari Root, Tuber Enhance Lactation, general weakness, Fatigue and Cough
11 Gritkumar (Aloe vera) Leaves Wound Healing, Laxative, Skin Burns and ulcer
12 Vringraj Seed, Whole Anti-inflammatory, Digestive, Hair Tonic
13 Rakta Chitrak Root bar and Root I, Colic, Inflammation Cough
14 Kochila Seed Nervous, Paralysis, Healing Wound
15 Neem Rhizome Sedative, Hypertensive, analgesic
16 Benachar/ Khus/khus Root Burning, Ulcer, Vomiting, Skin
17 Mandukparni Whole plant Anti-inflammatory, Jaundice,  Diarrhea, Diuretic
18 Kaincha/Baidanka Root, Hair, Seed, Leaf Nervous Disorder, Constipation, Dropsy and Nephropathy
19 Dalchini Bark, Oil Asthma, Cardiac, Disorder, Bronchitis and Fever
20 Kariyasem Stem, Leaf Asthma, Blood Purity, Menstrual Disorder, Urinary Problem and Immunity Booster.
21 Mexican poppy Whole Plant, Seed, Seed Oil, Flower, Root, Leaves stem and Leaf Infestation, Skin Disease, Leprosy, Inflammation, Malaria Asthma, Wound, Jaundice, Dropsy
22 Khokali Whole Plant, Root, Leaf Anthelmintic, Emetic, Hypnotic, Asthma, pneumonia
23 Sada Dhatura Seed, Flower, Leaves Dangerous Level of Poisons like Tropane, Alkaloids Atropine Scopolamine which are consider as Deliriants or Antichlonergic
24 Moringa Oleifera Leaf and fruits Diabetes, Obesity, Symptoms of menopause
25 Amaltas Bark and Fruits Laxative, inflammation, Wound Healing
26 karanj Bark Extract Oil Wound Healing, Inflammation, Constipation and Diarrhea
27 Palash Bark Diarrhea, Dysentery, Skin disease
28 Semal Bark gastrointestinal, skin, gynaecological and urogenital diseases.
29 Aak Latex and Leaf Diarrhea, constipation and stomach ulcers
30 Brahmi Leaf   Alzheimer’s disease, improving memory, anxiety, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), allergic conditions, irritable bowel syndrome, and as a general tonic to fight stress