Cultural Heritage is an expression of the ways of living developed by a community and passed on from one generation to the next generation including customs, practices, places, objects, artistic expressions, and values. Cultural Heritage is often described as either Intangible or Tangible Cultural Heritage.
Jharkhand culture is rich and diverse and as a result unique in its very own way. Jharkhand culture considers guests as god and serves them and takes care of them as if they are a part and parcel of the family itself. Archaeologists have unearthed pre-Harappa pottery, pre-historic cave paintings, and rock-art from various parts of Jharkhand, that hint at ancient, cultured civilizations inhabiting these parts. The intricate woodwork, the picker paintings, tribal ornaments, stone carvings, dolls and figurines, masks and baskets, all are pointing towards the cultural wealth of Jharkhand existed even before the Harappa age. Among the most delicate, fragile, beautiful and threatened indigenous traditions of India are, for example, the Kohvar and Sohrai paintings, which are sacred, secular and relevant to a woman’s world. This is the part practiced exclusively by married women, during weddings and at harvest time, and the skill and the information are handed down to younger females of the family. Comb-cut of finger-painted Kohvar art celebrates marriage, and the wall-painted Sohrai, bumper crops. Elaborate design motifs, animal and plant forms, fertility motifs are abundant and often echo ancient cave art found in the surrounds. The colors used are all-natural shades, red oxide from stone, red ochre, kaolin white, manganese black earth, etc.
Cultural Preservation is the act of using deliberate and well-designed methodologies to maintain cultural heritage from the past for the benefit of the present and future generations. Culture and its heritage reflect and shape values, beliefs, and aspirations, thereby defining a people’s national identity. It is important to preserve our cultural heritage because it keeps our integrity as a people. It includes documenting and studying languages; preserving and restoring historic remains significant to a culture or heritage; and encouraging the preservation and use of indigenous or tribal languages and rituals.
Museums play a crucial role in preserving local culture.A few of the reasons museums are so essential for cultural preservation areas they Document Daily Life. Recording everyday life within a culture is one of the most important pieces of preserving it. Museums collect and preserve our objects and materials of religious, cultural and historical value. They are a good source of entertainment. These museums help to preserve and promote our cultural heritage. Museums are a storehouse of old artifacts, sculptures, objects, history, etc.
Cultural Centers also promote Ancient Culture Preservation as the Museums do in our society. These centers preserve ancient heritage, properties, artifacts, etc. in a conservative way. By preserving historic structures, we are able to share the very spaces and environments in which the generations before us lived. Historic preservation is the visual and tangible conservation of cultural identity. In addition to solidifying a community’s past, preservation can help strengthen a community’s future.