Skill Development

To encourage skill development among the youth Gramin Mitra is a platform where they will get acquainted with the latest training.


Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

Approved for another four years (2016-2020) to benefit 10 million youth

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). The objective of this Skill Certification Scheme is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood. Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL). Under this Scheme, Training and Assessment fees are completely paid by the Government.

Key Components of the Scheme:

1. Short Term Training
The Short Term Training imparted at PMKVY Training Centres (TCs) is expected to benefit candidates of Indian nationality who are either school/college dropouts or unemployed. Apart from providing training according to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), TCs shall also impart training in Soft Skills, Entrepreneurship, Financial and Digital Literacy. Duration of the training varies per job role, ranging between 150 and 300 hours. Upon successful completion of their assessment, candidates shall be provided placement assistance by Training Partners (TPs). Under PMKVY, the entire training and assessment fees are paid by the Government. Payouts shall be provided to the TPs in alignment with the Common Norms. Trainings imparted under the Short Term Training component of the Scheme shall be NSQF Level 5 and below.

2. Recognition of Prior Learning
Individuals with prior learning experience or skills shall be assessed and certified under the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) component of the Scheme. RPL aims to align the competencies of the unregulated workforce of the country to the NSQF. Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs), such as Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) or any other agencies designated by MSDE/NSDC, shall be incentivized to implement RPL projects in any of the three Project Types (RPL Camps, RPL at Employers Premises and RPL centres). To address knowledge gaps, PIAs may offer Bridge Courses to RPL candidates.

3. Special Projects
The Special Projects component of PMKVY envisages the creation of a platform that will facilitate trainings in special areas and/or premises of Government bodies, Corporates or Industry bodies, and trainings in special job roles not defined under the available Qualification Packs (QPs)/National Occupational Standards (NOSs). Special Projects are projects that require some deviation from the terms and conditions of Short Term Training under PMKVY for any stakeholder. A proposing stakeholder can be either Government Institutions of Central and State Government(s)/Autonomous Body/Statutory Body or any other equivalent body or corporates who desire to provide training to candidates.

4. Kaushal and Rozgar Mela
Social and community mobilisation is extremely critical for the success of PMKVY. Active participation of the community ensures transparency and accountability, and helps in leveraging the cumulative knowledge of the community for better functioning. In line with this, PMKVY assigns special importance to the involvement of the target beneficiaries through a defined mobilisation process. TPs shall conduct Kaushal and Rozgar Melas every six months with press/media coverage; they are also required to participate actively in National Career Service Melas and on-ground activities.

5. Placement Guidelines
PMKVY envisages to link the aptitude, aspiration, and knowledge of the skilled workforce it creates with employment opportunities and demands in the market. Every effort thereby needs to be made by the PMKVY TCs to provide placement opportunities to candidates, trained and certified under the Scheme. TPs shall also provide support to entrepreneurship development.

6. Monitoring Guidelines
To ensure that high standards of quality are maintained by PMKVY TCs, NSDC and empaneled Inspection Agencies shall use various methodologies, such as self-audit reporting, call validations, surprise visits, and monitoring through the Skills Development ManagementSystem (SDMS). These methodologies shall be enhanced with the engagement of latest technologies.

The scheme will be implemented through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).

Guidelines & Manuals:

1. Circular for States/UTs under State Engagement Component of PMKVY (2016-20)
2. Operations Manual for PMKVY (2016-20) – Centrally Sponsored State Managed Component
3. Guidelines for State Engagement under PMKVY (2016-2020)
4. PMKVY Guidelines (2016-2020)
5. Guidelines for Accreditation, Affiliation & Continuous Monitoring of Training Centres for the Skills Ecosystem
6. PMKVY Branding and Communication Guidelines
7. Corrigendum: Guidelines for State Engagement under PMKVY 2.0 (2016-20)
8. Ministry’s order on Service Level Agreement (SLA)/Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) w.r.t PMKVY (2016-20)
9. Corrigendum: Operation Manual for State Engagement Component of PMKVY (2016-20)
10. Service Level Agreement/Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)
11. SOP – Assessment and Certification
12. Circular for States/UTs under State Engagement Component of PMKVY (2016-20)
13. Corrigendum: Increasing the capping of targets under CAT-4 from 20% to 40% for PMKVY – Centrally Sponsored State Managed Component
14. OM regarding mandatory compliance of AEBAS under CSSM component of PMKVY and Standard Operating Procedure
15. Enable and strengthen skill development activities under PMKVY – CSSM component in aspirational districts
16. Utilisation of funds released for implementation of PMKVY 2016-20
17. Clarification regarding Direct Benefit Transfer under CSSM component of PMKVY 2016-20
18. Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for Short Term Training by Academic and Industry Institutions under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) 2016-2020 (Pilot Phase)
19. Guidelines for State Skill Development Mission/ State Govt. to function as Inspection Agency on SMART for Centre Accreditation and Affiliation
20. Skill Saathi Counselling Scheme Guidelines 2018-19
21. Amendments/ Revision in Guidelines for State Engagement under PMKVY (2016-20) (CSSM-PMKVY)
22. Amendments/ Revision in the Operation Manual of PMKVY (2016-20) (CSSM-PMKVY)
23. Roll out of CSSM-PMKVY (2016-20) on PFMS
24. Utilisation of Funds by SSDMS of States/ UTs under the CSSM component of PMKVY 2016-20
25. In-principle approval for extension of provision of Boarding & Lodging, and Transportation cost for 50% of the enrolled candidates to all the North-East States, all PMKKs, Jammu & Kashmir (except 4 districts), Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand under PMKVY 2016-20 (both the CSCM and CSSM component) till 31st March, 2020
26. Rationalisation of Financial Target and Corresponding Physical Target in-princpally approved for States/UTs
27. Linking of CSSM component of PMKVY 2016-20 with AEBAS attendance
28. Requests from States for clarification on Cost Break-up under CSSM component of PMKVY 2016-20
29. BAS (Biometric Attendance Services) under CSSM component of PMKVY (2016-20) to be payable
30. Special Projects under CSSM component of PMKVY 2016-20
31. In-principle approval of applicability of Common Norms for Skill Development Schemes Third Amendment, 2019 – revision in base cost in PMKVY 2016-2020
32. Rationalisation of financial targets approved in-principle for States/ UTs, 3% fund under ‘Awareness and Mobilization Cost’ under CSSM component of PMKVY 2016-20 and opening up of the PMKVY 2016-20 scheme (only Cat-2 of CSSM component) for more relevant NSQF aligned non SSC courses
33. Handbooks and Induction Kits under CSSM component of PMKVY 2016-20
34. Revised action plan for FY 2019-20 under the CSSM component of PMKVY 2016-20
35. In-principle approval on the list of 384 job roles under CSSM component of PMKVY 2016-20
36. In-principle approval of last date of enrollment of candidates under PMKVY 2016-20

Sanction Order Under  State – Engagement Component of PMKVY (2016-20):

 Andaman and Nicobar Islands  Andhra Pradesh  Arunachal Pradesh  Assam
 Bihar  Chandigarh  Chhattisgarh  Dadra and Nagar Haveli
 Daman and Diu  Delhi  Goa  Gujarat
 Haryana  Himachal Pradesh  Jammu & Kashmir  Jharkhand
 Karnataka  Kerala  Lakshadweep  Madhya Pradesh
 Maharashtra  Manipur  Meghalaya  Mizoram
 Nagaland  Odisha  Puducherry  Punjab
 Rajasthan  Sikkim  Tamil Nadu  Telangana
 Tripura  Uttarakhand  Uttar Pradesh  West Bengal


Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra (PMKK): Lab Infrastructure Guidelines

1. Lab Specifications Housekeeping
2. Lab Specifications Shuttering Carpenter
3. Lab Specifications Solar Installer
4. Lab Specifications Apparel
5. Lab Specifications Machining
6. Lab Specifications Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning
7. Lab Specifications Welding
8. Lab Specifications Electrician Construction
9. Lab Specifications Automotive – 2 Wheeler Repair
10. Lab Specifications Automotive – 4 Wheeler Repair
11. Lab Specifications Appliances
12. Lab Specifications Fitter
13. Lab Specifications Security
14. Lab Specifications Bar-Bending
15. Lab Specifications Construction-Mason
16. Lab Specifications Plumbing
17. Lab Specifications Kitchen
18. Lab Specifications Front Office Tourism & Hospitality
19. Lab Specifications Beauty Wellness
20. Lab Specifications Healthcare
21. Lab Specifications Retail

SANKALP (Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion)


Udaan is a Special Industry Initiative for Jammu & Kashmir in the nature of partnership between the corporates of India and Ministry of Home Affairs and implemented by National Skill Development Corporation. The programme aims to provide skills training and enhance the employability of unemployed youth of J&K. The Scheme covers graduates, post graduates and three year engineering diploma holders. It has two objectives:

  • To provide an exposure to the unemployed graduates to the best of Corporate India.
  • To provide Corporate India, an exposure to the rich talent pool available in the State.

The key stakeholders are:

  • Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) – Chief Benefactors
  • State Government (Jammu & Kashmir)
  • Corporates – Training Partners
  • Implementation Agency (IA) NSDC

The Scheme aims to cover 40,000 youth of J&K over a period of five years and Rs. 750 crore has been earmarked for implementation of the scheme over a period of five years to cover other incidental expenses such as travel cost, boarding and lodging, stipend and travel and medical insurance cost for the trainees and administration cost. Further corporates are eligible for partial reimbursement of training expense incurred for the candidates who have been offered jobs.For more details, visit

School Education


The Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Vocationalisation of Secondary Education of Ministry of HRD, Government of India lists out a crucial role for NSDC and its Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) in implementation of NSQF. The trainings conducted in the scheme are based on the National Occupational Standards set by NSDC through its Sector Skill Councils. The scheme also mandates the SSCs to conduct assessments and certification jointly with the State Board.

NSDC is currently working with the State Governments of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Nagaland, Maharashatra, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan for implementation of the scheme in their states through its approved and funded Sector Skill Councils.

Sector Skill Councils support the States in Identification of Trades/ Occupations, Accrediting curriculum with PSSCIVE, Recommendation for Appointment of Vocational (Industry) Coordinator, Quality Control of Training, Training of Trainers, Student Assessment and Certification and Industry Interface. NSDC funded Training Partners take the responsibility of entire Training Delivery including deploying and managing faculty, setting up of labs, organising Guest Lectures/Industry Visits.

Broad Model for Current Implementation across States


  • State provide the civil infrastructure at each school.
  • State Govt./NSDC Training Partner take funds from State and equip the schools with skill labs
  • Aligning the scheme with the scheme of studies with state board

Training Delivery through NSDC Training Partner

  • NSDC Training Partner recruit teachers and place them in schools as per the minimum prescribed qualifications.
  • Two Trades are offered in each school and each trade to have 50 students.
  • NSDC TP monitor and manage the training delivery.
  • TP organise On the Job Trainings and Guest Lectures at different intervals.
  • The course run for four years from Class IX-Class XII pertaining to a Qualification Pack prescribed by the Sector Skill Councils.

Assessments and Certification

  • Sector Skill Councils conduct Assessments and provide certification aligned to the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) along with the State Education Board.

Stakeholders in the Implementation:

  • State Government
  • NSDC
  • Sector Skill Councils
  • NSDC Training Partner

Role and Responsibilities of the Stakeholders

    • State Government: Policy, Providing infrastructure, Mobilisation of Students through Principals, Monitoring, Regulatory, Aligning vocational to mainstream scheme of studies of the State Board, Extensive advocacy and marketing of the project.
    • NSDC: Conceptualize and operationalize the project, Selection of NSDC partners in various trades to implement the project across schools, Setting Standards & Quality Processes, MIS and Monitoring, Management Review
    • Sector Skill Council: Identification of Trades, Accrediting curriculum, Recommendation for Appointment of Vocational (Industry) Coordinator, Quality Control of Training, Student Assessment and Certification and Facilitating Industry Interface.
  • NSDC Training Partner: Curriculum development aligned to National Occupational Standards, Development and Printing of Courseware, Providing Vocational trainers, Industry Participation through OJTs and Internships, MIS & reporting, Interfacing with all Stakeholders.

Higher Education

In order to bridge the industry academia gap – NSDC has developed a unique model to integrate skill based trainings into the academic cycle of the Universities. These are based on National Occupational Standards set by industry through sector skill councils. The job roles offered are designed to be progressive in nature – from Level 5 – level 7 on National Skills Qualification framework. The key highlight of the model are as given below:

  • Based on state skill gap report – identification of Sectors and job roles
  • Development of implementation model and Integration into time table as per university norms
  • Training of Trainers by Sector Skill Council
  • Curriculum Alignment and Capacity Building workshops
  • Student orientation sessions to take an informed choice of sector/job role based on career aspiration
  • Standardised Training Delivery by NSDC Training Partners
  • Internships and On- the – job Training
  • Assessment and certification by Sector Skill Council
  • Last Mile Employability and Entrepreneurship Opportunities for the students


NSDC is working with 21 Universities, UGC and AICTE catering to more than 1200 colleges and 400 community colleges across the country. Some of the organization include:

    1. SavitribaiPhule University of Pune : 663 colleges and 57 autonomous institutions
    2. University of Delhi: 67 colleges including NCWEB and SOL
    3. University Grants Commission: 150 community colleges and 127 colleges for B.Voc and Degree programmes
    4. Tamil Nadu Open University (TNOU): 155 learning resource centres and 204 community colleges
    5. Centurion University: 4 colleges
    6. Haryana and Punjab Universities
    7. AICTE : 100 Community Colleges


NSDC is about to sign MoUs with 7 more universities to adopt this model.

NSDC funded training partners affiliated to respective SSCs are involved in imparting trainings to the students under these partnerships. The infrastructure is allocated by the respective colleges of the University. A project management team ensures monitoring and evaluation of ongoing trainings.

Academia recognise the benefits of this model for integration of industry recognized skills with regular studies and post assessment the studentsreceive industry endorsed and recognized certificate.